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            Pollution is when something is added to the environment that is harmful or poisonous to all living things. Smoke or dust in the air is a type of pollution as it is bad for the lungs when we breathe in. Sewage in drinking water is another type of pollution, as it can make people ill because it contains germs and viruses. People living next to a building site where there is too much noise can become sick as they cannot sleep.

           As pollution grows, ways to combat it have grown too. Solar energy and wind energy give people other ways to power their homes. When people use these alternative forms of energy, they put less carbon dioxide into the environment. It is very harmful for living things


Types of pollutions are:

  • Air pollution
  • Water pollution
  • Noise pollution
  • Land or Soil pollution
  • Thermal pollution

Air pollution

             Here are some ways from which air pollution occurs. Air pollution is caused by poisonous, carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxide, sulphur,  and very small particles. It is also caused by the smoke and harmful gases released by the fires that make vehicles and factories go. Use of coal, as fuels for fire also causes air pollution. Air pollution may cause breathing problems such as asthma or other health problems. It also causes diseases like cancer.

              Air pollution cause global warming and acid rain, which can lead to unpredictable levels of drought worldwide. This makes it difficult for the living organisms to survive.


Water pollution

             It is the presence of harmful materials in water, such as sewage, dissolved metals, waste from farms, factories and crude oil spilled from oil tankers. The three main substances that pollute water are nitrates from fertilizers, sewage and detergents.

             Activities such as bathing and washing clothes near lakes, ponds or rivers add nutrients like nitrogen and phosphorous into the water bodies. This leads to excessive growth of algae on the surface of water. It blocks the penetration of sunlight and air, thus reducing oxygen.

             It causes harm to organisms living in water and can also harm people's health. In extreme cases it may cause problems such as cancer.


Noise pollution

             Noise pollution also known as sound pollution which is harmful to the brain and hearing of all animals and humans. This includes the sound of vehicles, loud speakers, airplanes, jets, train horns etc. Noise pollution can cause ear problems or even permanent deafness, especially to older people. It causes brain related problems too.

Land pollution or soil pollution

             Soil pollution (also known as land pollution) is caused when man-made chemicals, such as hydrocarbons, heavy metals, solvents, get into the soil. These chemicals come from industrial activities and from waste disposal in leaky landfills. Soil pollution may cause health risks. The chemicals can produce harmful vapours, or they can contaminate water supplies underneath the polluted soil.

              Plastic pollution is the accumulation of plastic products in the environment that adversely affects wildlife, wildlife habitat, or humans. It takes thousands of years to dissolve or mix in earth. It was so dangerous using plastic.

Thermal pollution

              A common cause of thermal pollution is the use of water as a coolant by power plants and industrial manufacturers. This puts back warm water, and so raises the temperature and decreases the oxygen content of the water.

            Sampavie Janahan


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